How to Choose Car Racks

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A van carrying bikes on a hitch rack and a cargo box on the roof rack drives down a snowy road

You’ve spent a lot of time and money to find the right gear for your outdoor excursions. You’ll want to ensure that equipment gets where it needs to go so you can spend less time worrying about gear and more time having fun. Car racks let you haul outdoor toys while freeing up room inside your vehicle. In this article, we’ll cover tips to narrow your choices when picking a car rack for your next big adventure.


Here are some things to know before choosing a car rack:

  • What do you need to carry? Do you need to carry bikes, stand up paddle boards and/or skis—and how many? Don’t forget to consider all the activities you’ll do throughout the year and plan accordingly. You could save money by choosing a more versatile system, especially if you add new gear over time.
  • What year, make and model of vehicle are you fitting? You’ll need to get a car rack that fits your specific vehicle, whether you have a sedan, SUV or pickup truck. The major car rack manufacturers have vehicle fit guides that will help you determine which racks will work for your specific situation.
  • How are your vehicles outfitted? Does your vehicle already come with roof crossbars or a receiver trailer hitch (if so, what size?) or will you need to get those installed as well?


Types of Car Racks

Below is a quick overview of your gear-hauling choices, followed by a more detailed look at car rack options based on the activity or activities you’re doing.

  • Hitch bike racks: Hitch-mounted bike racks slide into the receiver of a trailer hitch. A hitch receiver usually can be installed on a vehicle not originally equipped with one, but it’s an additional expense to consider.
  • Roof racks: These are the most versatile because you can customize accessories to transport just about any outdoor toy, including kayaks, surfboards, snowboards, bikes and cargo boxes. Roof racks are stable, keep gear out of the way and don’t block access to vehicle doors. But they're expensive and require lifting gear overhead, which may be difficult for some.
  • Cargo boxes, baskets, bags: Cargo boxes are hard-sided containers that mount to a roof rack and keep gear out of sight. They’re ideal for skis, snowboards and large amounts of gear (excluding bikes or boats). They hold loose, odd-size gear in an enclosed system, but they generate wind resistance and noise during travel.
  • Trunk bike racks: These racks fasten to trunks or hatches with a system of straps and hooks. They carry one to three bikes that rest on support arms. They’re easy to use, economical and lightweight. On the downside, they only transport bikes and limit access to the trunk. Also, bikes may sway or bump into each other during transport.
  • Truck bed bike racks: Truck racks involve internal rails or support bars that can be temporarily installed in a truck bed to anchor bikes in place. Racks are available to haul boats and cargo boxes.
  • Spare-tire bike racks: These racks are lightweight, affordable options for vehicles with exterior spare tire racks.


Car Rack Comparison Chart

Rack Style

Hitch Bike Racks

  • Bikes
  • Can be adapted to carry skis, snowboards, cargo holders
  • Simple installation
  • Easy to load and access bikes
  • Some models allow clear access to the rear door
  • Good for frequent use
  • Advanced models can be expensive
  • Basic models interfere with access to the trunk or rear cargo area
  • Bikes may sway

Roof Racks

  • Bikes
  • Boats
  • Skis
  • Snowboards
  • Paddle boards
  • Surfboards
  • Cargo boxes
  • Most versatile system
  • More secure and stable
  • Unimpeded access to car doors, rear hatch or trunk
  • Some hoisting and reaching required
  • Wind resistance
  • May not fit in low-clearance spaces

Cargo Boxes

  • Skis
  • Snowboards
  • Loose gear
  • Enclosed
  • Lockable gear storage
  • Can hold wet or dirty items outside of vehicle interior
  • Keeps gear out of sight
  • Cost
  • Wind resistance
  • May not fit under low-clearance spaces

Trunk Bike Racks

  • Bikes
  • Less expensive
  • Portable
  • Easy to load and access bikes
  • Can be used on multiple vehicles
  • Good for occasional use
  • Interferes with access to trunk or hatch
  • Bikes may sway and contact one another

Truck Bed Racks

  • Bikes
  • Boats
  • Cargo boxes
  • Easy to load and access bikes
  • Can handle heavier loads
  • Can be attached to toolboxes
  • Bikes dominate storage capacity within the truck bed

Spare-Tire Racks

  • Bikes
  • Can be adapted to carry skis, snowboards
  • Easy to load and access bikes
  • Provide clear access to trunk/rear door
  • Dependent on tire size
  • Can carry 2 bikes max
  • Bikes may sway
$ = Up to $120      $$ = $120-$200      $$$ = $200-$400      $$$$ = $400+


Car Racks for Bikes

A woman puts a mountain bike onto a hitch rack on an SUV

If biking is your sport, you’ve got several options for hauling one or more bikes.

Hitch bike racks: These racks mount on the trailer hitch at the rear and allow you to easily get to your bikes with moderate lifting (unlike roof racks). They’re simple to install and easy to use. They extend the length of your vehicle so backing up or maneuvering may be a concern for some. They also limit rear access but many models tilt down or swing away from the vehicle. Make sure the rack you choose is compatible with the size hitch receiver you have.  

There are two types of hitch bike racks:

  • Platform-style bike racks: Bikes are anchored in place on trays, which resist bike sway and minimize the risk of bike-to-bike contact during transport. They typically carry two bikes, but you can use extensions to carry up to four bikes. They’re more expensive than the hanging style. They handle a wider variety of bike sizes and shapes; some can haul heavier electric bikes.
  • Hanging (mast-style) bike racks: These racks have a mast with arms that support bikes by the frame. They’re compact and tend to be cheaper than platform bike racks. Some can haul multiple bikes, even four to five at a time. But they don’t fit as many bike shapes and sizes (such as kids’ bikes) as the platform-style racks.

Roof bike racks: You may want to put your bike on the roof because it’s more secure, you need access to your rear trunk or you don’t want to install a trailer hitch. Roof racks are a good choice if you don’t mind lifting the bike onto the roof and low-clearance garages or ceilings aren’t an issue. Some roof rack styles let you secure bikes while keeping both wheels on while others require you to take the front wheel off and secure the fork.

Trunk bike racks are mounted to the trunk of your sedan or hatchback and secure bikes using a system of straps. They’re the most economical option for hauling bikes and don’t require a hitch or rack system. These racks can carry one to three bikes.

Truck bed bike racks: If you have a pickup truck, you have several truck bike rack options for hauling bikes. Using different mounts and other accessories, you can carry your bikes on a protective pad over the tailgate, upright in the truck bed or with bike forks secured onto a bar across the bed, in the bed or on the truck side rail. Some tailgate pads can handle up to seven bikes.

Spare tire bike racks: Fewer vehicles have spare tires in the rear these days, but if you do, spare tire bike racks are affordable options for hauling bikes. They typically carry about two bikes.


Shop Bike Racks 


Car Racks for Camping Gear and Other Cargo

Two people load camping gear into a rooftop cargo box

Cargo carriers provide secure, streamlined options for hauling a lot of camping gear and other cargo on top of the vehicle.

Rooftop cargo boxes: Hard-sided cargo boxes are more durable, can hold odd-shaped items and can haul a lot of gear in all weather conditions. They’re a lot more expensive than cargo baskets or bags and take up storage space when not on the vehicle. Many open on both sides to make loading easier. In order to use most of them, you have to have a base roof rack with crossbars.

Rooftop cargo bags: If you’re limited on space, cargo bags hold a lot of regular-size gear such as luggage and fold up compact when not in use. They’re also less expensive than cargo baskets or boxes but may not be as durable. Most soft-sided carriers do not need a roof rack system.

Hitch mounted cargo carriers: These cargo trays or boxes go in the back of the vehicle. They’re great for loading large coolers or other gear that you need quick access to. However, hitch racks extend the length of your vehicle and you won’t be able to put bikes in the back.


Shop Cargo Boxes and Baskets  


Car Racks for Skiing and Snowboarding

A man putting a snowboard into a cargo box on top of a car

There are a number of ways you can carry your skis and snowboards.

Rooftop ski and snowboard racks: Ski and snowboard racks can fit a number of skis and boards, but they do require that you have a base roof rack (crossbars). They’re secure, simple to use and less expensive than cargo boxes or hitches. Larger ones carry up to six pairs of skis or four boards.

Cargo boxes: Enclosed weather-proof cargo boxes are another option for hauling multiple skis and snowboards. Cargo boxes require a base roof rack to mount onto. They’re expensive compared to the other options for carrying skis and snowboards, but they’re also versatile if you plan to do other activities, like camping.

Hitch ski racks: Hanging-style bike hitch racks can be adapted to carry skis on your trailer hitch. Hitch ski and snowboard racks require a hitch bike rack, so that adds to the overall cost. Many can hold multiple skis and boards, which are easier to reach in the back of the vehicle rather than from the roof. Some carry four to six pairs of skis and two to four boards.  


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Car Racks for Kayaks, Paddle Boards and Canoes

A woman puts a kayak onto the roof rack of her car

Roof racks: For many paddlers, roof racks are the most common choices to haul canoes, kayaks, surfboards and stand up paddleboards. Many require a base roof rack (two crossbars) before you can mount specific racks to haul your kayak, paddle board or canoe.  

Once you have the base roof rack, you can decide how to haul your watercraft using these options:

  • J-cradles and stackers transport kayaks on their sides leaving space for multiple boats or other gear. They’re good options if you have a lighter or shorter boat, a shorter car or someone to help you load your boat.
  • Saddle-style carriers nestle kayaks or canoes upright, cushioning the sides of the boat. Some come with rollers to make loading easier. These racks are great for solo loading, taller vehicles or heavier boats because you can tip and push them onto the roof from the back of the vehicle.
  • Lift-assist racks lower the carrier to the side of the vehicle so you can load the kayak at about waist level. Once the kayak is secured, you push the kayak and rack back up on the roof. They’re easy to load but the most expensive rooftop option.
  • Foam blocks: These temporary carriers are inexpensive, easy to install and often don’t require a base roof rack. They’re not as durable. Some foam blocks sit directly on the vehicle roof; others fit onto a rack’s crossbars. Straps hold the kayak, surfboard, canoe or paddle board in place.  

For more information, read our article on Transporting a Kayak or Canoe or Transporting a SUP.

Truck racks: These mounts make it easy to carry boats that are too long to fit in the pickup truck bed. Utility racks, extenders or other posts let you carry boats above the truck bed.


Shop Watercraft Racks  


Other Car Rack Tips

  • Check your vehicle’s manual before installing a roof system. Make sure you know the maximum allowable weight the roof can handle. If installing a hitch mount, verify your vehicle's tongue weight capacity. If you have a hatchback, make sure any roof rack you install will provide enough clearance for the rear hatch to open fully.
  • Test-fit your bike on your trunk or hitch rack: Not every bike is a perfect fit on every trunk rack or hitch rack (or the cradles they use). It’s rare, but on occasion, some bikes (particularly women’s or kids’ models) do not fit perfectly on some cradles, or they may require an additional top tube adapter.  
  • Secure the tires of bikes on trunk and hitch racks with a strap or bungee cord to prevent bikes from swaying and bumping.
  • Buy load bars one size longer than what is recommended in the fit guide if you’re planning to transport kayaks. This way you can fit the boats more easily and can always cut the bars if they are a bit too long.