Fit is important in keeping a child's head above water, so do not get a too-big PFD thinking he or she will grow into it.
Sizing for a youngster depends on his or her weight (and not chest size, as it does with adults):
Infant PFDs: 8 to 30 pounds
Child PFDs: 30 to 50 pounds
Youth PFDs: 50 to 90 pounds
For infants and small children, a PFD should have a:
Padded head support to help keep the child’s head above water.
Grab handle to assist retrieving the child out of the water.
Crotch strap to help keep the PFD from riding up.
Youth-sized PFDs look like, and have the same features as, adult PFDs. The more straps a PFD has, the more adjustments can be made for sizing.
Types of PFDs
There are 5 categories of PFDs, but most children and youths should use a Type III USCG-approved model. PFDs for infants are often a Type II design.
Type III: Flotation Aids. These are suitable for various sports activities and the most comfortable for continuous wear and freedom of movement. They are good for where there is a quick chance of rescue. They are designed so wearers can put themselves in a face-up position, but they may have to tilt their head back to avoid being face down in water.
Type II: Near-shore Vests. Calm inland waters, where there is a likely chance of a fast rescue, is the intent of these PFDs. They will turn some unconscious wearers to the face-up position but not all of them.
Fitting and Wearing a PFD
As with an adult's PFD, a child's PFD must fit snugly. Check the fit once the child is secured in it. Pick the child up by the shoulders of the PFD. The child's chin and ears should not slip through.
Familiarize your child with a PFD beforehand so he/she will be comfortable wearing it and hopefully less likely to panic during the activity. Maren Van Nostrand, avid paddler and author of the REI Expert Advice Kids and Kayaking article, offers this advice:
Tip: Babies and toddlers sometimes "hate" their PFD. This catches many parents by surprise. If possible, prepare youngsters ahead of time at home. Offer a reward for keeping it on or make a game of it.